Why should energy and industry adopt Green Technologies?3 min read

May 28, 2024 3 min read


Why should energy and industry adopt Green Technologies?3 min read

Reading Time: 3 minutesReading Time: 3 minutes

This blog post delves into the strategic advantages of adopting green technologies for deep decarbonization, as explored in the latest article by Anton Ovchinnikov and Jay Mackinnon. Green technologies can not only impact decarbonization, but also reduce operational costs, improve brand image, and ensure compliance with stringent environmental regulations. By adopting these insights, businesses can enhance their competitive edge while contributing to global sustainability efforts.

Published in 2024, the book Sustainable Supply Chains: A Research-Based Textbook on Operations and Strategy provides a comprehensive analysis of sustainable practices within supply chain management. It covers topics ranging from green technology adoption, operational strategies, to the role of consumer behavior and policy frameworks in promoting sustainability.

One of its articles, Green Technology Choice for Deep Decarbonization, by Anton Ovchinnikov from INSEAD and Jay Mackinnon from Edinburgh Napier University, has been published in the book. This article discusses the urgent need for substantial structural changes to reduce carbon emissions, particularly in heavily polluting industries. It explores the role of green technologies and the importance of policy support for their adoption, analyzing both supply-side and demand-side management strategies.

Let’s dive in. Green technologies are innovations designed to reduce environmental impact and promote sustainability. Examples include renewable energy sources like solar and wind, electric vehicles, energy-efficient systems, and carbon capture and storage technologies.

Why decarbonize?

  1. Well, reducing carbon emissions is critical to combating climate change, which threatens ecosystems, human health, and economies globally. The energy sector, mainly through burning fossil fuels, and the industry sector, through manufacturing processes, are significant sources of carbon emissions. Decarbonizing these sectors can result in substantial reductions in overall greenhouse gases, making them vital targets for climate action.
  2. Adopting green technologies provides opportunities for both supply-side and demand-side management. On the supply side, green technologies can reduce operational costs and environmental taxes. On the demand side, dynamic pricing models, such as peak pricing, can encourage consumers to shift their consumption to off-peak times, enhancing the efficiency of renewable energy use.
  3. Adopting green technologies enhances a company’s CSR profile. Consumers are increasingly aware of environmental issues and prefer to support businesses that demonstrate a commitment to sustainability. Implementing green technologies can improve a company’s public image, attract eco-conscious customers, and foster customer loyalty. Moreover, it can also enhance employee satisfaction and attract talent who value sustainability in the workplace.

Overall, the article of Ovchinnikov and Mackinnon is crucial for business owners as it highlights the strategic advantages of adopting green technologies. For the energy sector, the authors highlight that the costs of renewable energy sources are now nearly comparable to conventional sources. However, they emphasize the need to focus on energy storage technologies, which they extensively review. In the industrial sector, the authors examine the interplay of demand, supply, and policy mechanisms to achieve decarbonization goals. By adopting these strategies, businesses can contribute to sustainability and enhance their competitive advantage in a market that increasingly values eco-friendly practices.


Anton Ovchinnikov is a Distinguished Professor of Management Analytics at the Smith School of Business in Kingston, Canada. Prior to joining Smith, Anton taught data and decision analysis courses at the University of Virginia, management science and supply chain management courses at the University of Toronto, as well as in multiple executive education programs around the world.