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ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

Water Flow Measurement & Control

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About the course

Water flow measurements are essential for water distribution systems in order to provide customers billing as well as performing the required system balancing. Billing is required to enable proper control of operating cost of distribution systems. Balancing is required to identify leakage in the network.

Water flow measurements at the network source provide the inflow to the network. Meters at customers provide the demand. A balanced network means that inflow is equal to demand. However, due to leakage in the network, the billed flow rates are always less than the inflow to networks. Therefore, water flow metering is important to provide indications on the percentage of leakage.

Advanced flow measurement systems include automatic meter reading systems which facilitate the operation of the remote and accurate measurement and trending of the system demand and consumption. Therefore, it is essential for modern systems to include automatic meter reading systems as well.

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, the delegates will be able to:

  • Demonstrate deep understanding of the principles of operation of major types of water flow meters such as volumetric types, turbine types and electronic types
  • Select the suitable flow meter type for a particular application
  • Set up the correct installation configuration of the selected flow meter
  • Write-up the required flow meter specifications
  • Specify the methods of flow meter calibration according to international standards
  • Specify and select the suitable Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) and data recording/transmission system

Course Outline

Day 1

Mechanical Flow Meters

  • Principles of operation, characteristics, installation requirements for:
  • Volumetric type flow meters
  • Turbine type flow meters
  • Testing and calibration standards and methods
  • Accuracy and performance measures of flow meters

Day 2

Cont. of Mechanical Flow Meters

  • Maintenance and troubleshooting of mechanical flow meters

Electronic Flow Meters

  • Electromagnetic flow meters:
  • Theory of operation
  • Application limitations
  • Characteristics
  • Installation requirements

Day 3

  • Transit type Ultrasonic flow meters:
  • Operating principles,
  • Characteristics
  • Installation requirements
  • Insertion type electromagnetic flow meters:
  • Operating principles
  • Characteristics
  • Installation requirements

### Day 4

  • Vortex type flow meters:
  • Operating principles,
  • Characteristics
  • Installation requirements
  • Maintenance and calibration of electronic flow meters

Day 5


  • Overview of AMR systems
  • Smart meters and data collection
  • Reporting and analysis of data
  • Basic components of AMR systems
  • AMR system specifications

Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentation

Who should attend

This course is intended for Engineers working in the field of water transmission and distribution systems design and specifications write-up and Field engineers of water metering systems.

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