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ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

Fundamentals of Electric Power System Analysis

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Description

This course provides a comprehensive review of most of the fundamental topics covered in a modern undergraduate course sequence in electric power system analysis. It is directed primarily toward the needs of those engineers who have not been exposed to a recent treatment of power-system modeling and analysis techniques, or whose background is in related areas. Emphasis will be placed upon intensive teaching of relevant theory, presentation of practical examples, and problem solving using both hand calculations and the personal computer.

Attendees should be familiar with basic Electrical Engineering concepts (in particular, alternating-current fundamentals) but need not have an extensive background in electrical power systems. Appropriate examples will be presented and example problems will be solved. Demonstrations of relevant analysis software will be made, and the attendees will have the opportunity to see and use small interactive programs for line-constants and voltage-regulation calculation, parameter conversion, power-flow, fault analysis, transient stability, and other system studies. Prior computer experience is not necessary.

This course is designed to provide coverage of the electric power and energy systems models, methods, and analytical application tools. It also provides a foundation for power system designers, planners, and operators for arriving at cost-effective solutions and strategies. It will enable an engineer or a practicing individual in a utility or industrial environment to understand the design, planning, and operation of the system. The course is ideal for those who have a basic understanding of engineering systems and need a practical training in the field. The course material is designed to serve as a useful reference in day-to-day functions. It also allows gaining self-paced, in-depth knowledge with the aid of practical examples. The topics covered include latest developments occurring in the industry.

The course covers related issues on basic concepts, equipment models, performance analysis methods, and tools that include power flow analysis, fault analysis, stability analysis, and system protection. Several practical examples and cases on system planning and operation are presented, studied, and analyzed in this course.

## Course Objectives

By the end of the course, participants should be able to:-

  • Identify different components of the modern power system
  • Calculate the different characteristics of a transmission line
  • Numerically analyse the power flow in a power system and analyse the system stability in presence of a fault
  • Attendees will be able to calculate fault currents under various fault conditions, and choose the right power system protection scheme.

## Course Outline

Electric Power and Energy System Fundamentals, Concepts, and Device Models

Introduction and Basic Concepts

  • Power plants
  • Transmission lines
  • Transformers
  • Switchgear and protection
  • Real and reactive powers

Transmission Line and Cable Parameters

  • Resistance
  • Inductive reactance
  • Capacitive reactance

Transmission Line and Cable Models

  • Bundled conductors
  • Short transmission lines
  • Medium length lines
  • Long lines

Transformer Connections and Models

  • Wye and delta connections
  • Equivalent circuit
  • Tap changer
  • Auto-transformer
  • Multi-winding transformer

Power and Frequency Control

  • Turbine governor
  • Power/Frequency model
  • Power flow control

Reactive Power and Voltage Control

  • Sources of reactive powers
  • Reactive power/voltage model
  • Reactive power/voltage control
  • Exciters
  • Line compensations
  • Flexible AC transmission systems
  • Tap-changer of Transformer
  • Methods and Application Tools

Power Flow

  • Real and reactive power flow
  • Power flow equations
  • Solutions of power flow equations

Fault Analysis

  • Causes of faults in power systems
  • Symmetrical three-phase faults
  • Unsymmetrical faults
  • Neutral impedance

Stability Analysis

  • Concept of stability
  • Steady state stability limits
  • Power system kinetic energies
  • Swing equations
  • Equal area criterion
  • Transient stability

Economic Operation

  • Unit commitment
  • Optimum dispatch
  • Optimum power flow

Power System Protection

  • Philosophy and design
  • Types of relays Switchgear
  • Settings and coordination of relays
  • System Protection

## Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentation

Who should attend

Persons involved in the design, analysis, and construction of electric power systems, facilities, and equipment. Non-power engineers and design technicians will profit from this intensive exposure to the principles of electric power systems. More experienced power engineers should find the course an effective review and an introduction to modern analysis and solution methods. Power-system operators and major customers will learn how power system problems are formulated and solved, and how some of the most frequently-encountered large-scale studies (power-flow, short-circuit, transient-stability) are made.

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