ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

How long?

  • 5 days
  • in person

ICTD International Centre for Training and Development


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Who should attend

This course is directed towards engineers, supervisors, operators, and technicians in maintenance, engineering and production. The seminar will also benefit anyone who wishes to update themselves on maintenance engineering technologies, judge the suitability of these technologies for their needs, and learn how to implement them for the benefit of their organizations.

About the course

This course entails a study of gas compression and expansion laws applied to industrial processes followed by an illustration of the different types of rotating machines usually encountered in plants, and their related aspects. The aim is to provide a satisfactory approach to the problems posed by compressors and turbines and the means to solve them.

Key Highlights of the course are:

  • Understanding of monitoring techniques as applied to compressors and turbines
  • Ability to put in place measures to quantify equipment condition
  • Interface with and control service providers
  • Identify and specify new compressor and turbine plant

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, the delegates will be able to:

  • Gain an understanding of the construction and operational constraints of centrifugal compressors and steam turbines
  • Obtain knowledge of how to optimally maintain the equipment for the benefit of the company
  • Develop hints and tips for practical application of monitoring technologies so as to achieve the best results

Course Outline

Day 1

Gas Laws & Compression Theory

Compression and Expansion Fundamentals

  • Gas Equations
  • Ideal gas equation and practical application
  • Isentropic, polytropic compression
  • Mass and volume capacity
  • Practical compression laws
  • Effect of process temperature
  • Power of compression
  • Mollier diagrams
  • For gas and steam

Compression and Expansion Mechanisms

  • Compression Basics
  • Euler’s law, applications for compressors and turbines,
  • characteristic curves
  • velocities triangle
  • Blade types
  • Impulse profile and Reaction profile – where each type are used and why.
  • Mach number: effect on temperature, pressure and density;
  • Subsonic and supersonic machines
  • Dimensionless coefficients, specific speeds
  • Dynamic Effects
  • Simple Calculations

Day 2

Practical Applications

Compressor and Turbine Performance and Operation

  • Affinity Laws for centrifugal impellers
  • Calculating effect of speed change
  • Calculating effect of impeller changes
  • Characteristic curves
  • Effect of change on operating and process parameters
  • Surge
  • Stonewall
  • Range of working efficiency
  • Speed change
  • Inlet guide vanes
  • Pre start checks
  • Vibration survey
  • Run-up/rundown analyses
  • Operational Problems
  • Capacity control methods
  • Commissioning

Day 3

Steam Plant & Turbines

Steam turbines

  • Turbine Characteristics
  • Speed
  • Specific consumption
  • Efficiency
  • Steam Conditions
  • Influence of inlet steam state
  • Effects of exhaust steam
  • Speed governor
  • Pressure & temperature control systems
  • Over-speed
  • Overpressure
  • Control Systems
  • Safety devices

Day 4

Turbine Construction & Maintenance

Construction and Systems

  • Construction
  • Casings
  • Diaphragms
  • Stator
  • Blades
  • Bearings & Seals
  • Rotor, journal and thrust bearings
  • Internal and shaft seals
  • Coupling
  • Balance
  • Critical speeds
  • Lubrication system
  • Seal systems
  • Rotor Dynamics
  • Associated Systems
  • Typical mechanical incidents

Day 5

Engineering Aspects


  • API specifications
  • Information required for bidding
  • Factory tests

## Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentation

Videos and materials

Centrifugal-compressor--steam-turbines-design--operations-and-maintenance at ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

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Coursalytics is an independent platform to find, compare, and book executive courses. Coursalytics is not endorsed by, sponsored by, or otherwise affiliated with any business school or university.

Full disclaimer.

Because of COVID-19, many providers are cancelling or postponing in-person programs or providing online participation options.

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