Boiler Water Treatment Technology

ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

How long?

  • 5 days
  • in person

What are the topics?

ICTD International Centre for Training and Development


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Who should attend

This course will provide knowledge in all significant aspects and considerations of boiler water treatment technology for utility superintendents, power house supervisors and plant engineers. Foremen/women and shift supervisors will also gain job enrichment by understanding the importance of water treatment equipment, early detection of problems and operator training techniques. Those in a design capacity at architect-engineering firms will find merit in the review of the technology. At the corporate level, this course provides update for company water consultants or engineering review committee members. This course is especially valuable for engineers working on plant expansions since technology trends are reviewed. Special emphasis has been added on cogeneration and combined cycle systems. Also, R&D, laboratory and corrosion professionals will highly benefit from this course.

About the course

This course will provide a comprehensive review of the principles of boiler water conditioning. The ASME and EPRI Boiler Chemistry Guidelines will be developed. Oxygen control by means of deaeration and chemical treatment will be reviewed. Boiler design principles will be developed, including heat transfer, circulation effects, and high-pressure requirements. The special requirements of HRSGs will be reviewed in depth.

The chemistry and control of phosphates, chelant, and sludge conditions were be reviewed in depth. Problems and solutions associated with steam purity and condensate corrosion will be covered in detail with several practical examples. Guidelines for chemical cleaning will be developed.

The discussion of the metallurgical analysis of failed boiler tubes includes a workshop. The course concludes with destructive and non-destructive options for boiler tube inspection.

Ion exchange is a critical unit process in purifying water for steam generation, semiconductor manufacture, and pharmaceutical applications.

The course reviews resin structure, function, and the gamut of water purification applications from softening to the preparation of ultra-quality water. The course has been modified to focus on monitoring performance and reacting to system upsets (troubleshooting).

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, the delegates will be able to:

  • Understand the chemistry of boiler water treatment for scale, corrosion, and carryover control, treatment options for the gamut of industrial boiler system pressures, the options and precautions associated with boiler chemical cleaning, and metallurgical analysis of failed boiler specimens.
  • Participants will have a strong understanding of the chemistry of ion exchange resins and the operation of systems using ion exchange resins for water purification, including system and vessel design parameters.
  • Provides practical options to use when troubleshooting resin-based systems.

Course Outline

Day 1

  • Introduction:
  • Water Chemistry, Boiler Water Quality Requirements
  • Oxygen Control:
  • Mechanical Deaeration, Chemical Scavenging, Testing
  • Boiler Calculations:
  • Cycles of Operation, Blowdown Monitoring
  • Principles of Internal Treatment:
  • Boiler Design and Heat Flux, Circulation
  • Deposition Control:
  • Either Low Pressure—Phosphates, Chelants, Dispersants; or High Pressure—Iron Deposition, Dispersants. EPRI Guidelines (Participants will Choose One)

### Day 2

  • Corrosion Control:
  • Either Low Pressure—Corrosion Control in Cast Iron Boilers, Boiler System Testing or High Pressure—Coordinated Phosphate/pH, Congruent Control, AVT, Neutral Oxygen
  • Heat Recovery Steam Generators:
  • Flow and Load Considerations, Multiple Pressure System Chemistries
  • Carry-Over Control:
  • Carry-Over Mechanisms, Steam Purifications, Monitoring Carry-Over
  • Chemical Cleaning of Boilers:
  • Commissioning Cleaning, Deposit Monitoring, Deposit Removal

Day 3

  • Condensate Corrosion:
  • Corrosion Mechanisms, Amine Treatment, Testing
  • Condensate Polishing:
  • Mixed Beds, Powdered Resin Units, Magnetic Filtration
  • Failure Analysis:
  • Boiler Tube Failure Modes, Metallurgical Analysis, Metallurgical Workshop
  • Boiler Tube Testing:
  • Destructive Sampling and Non-Destructive Testing Methods, Visual Boiler Inspection

### Day 4

  • Introduction of Ion Exchange:
  • Water Chemistry Units, Pretreatment Requirements of Ion Exchange
  • Ion Exchange Resins:
  • Synthesis, Types, Water of Hydration, Commercial Equivalents
  • Ion Exchange Softening:
  • Equipment, Service and Regeneration Reactions, Troubleshooting
  • Two-Bed Demineralization:
  • Equipment, Service and Regeneration Reactions, Performance Expectations
  • Two-Bed Demineralization:
  • Equipment, Service and Regeneration Reactions, Performance Expectations
  • Individual Conferences:
  • Participants’ Water and Resin Analyses

### Day 5

  • Two-Bed Demineralization (continued):
  • Exhaustion Profiles, Distributor Design, Regenerant Dilution Systems
  • Troubleshooting Demineralizers:
  • Short Run, Poor Water Quality, Resin Problems
  • Mixed Beds:
  • Makeup Mixed Beds, Performance Expectations, Regeneration Protocols, Three Component Systems, Uniform Particle Size Resins
  • Resin Testing:
  • Vessel Inspection, Sample Procurement, Interpretation of Resin Analysis, Decision to Clean or Replace

Presentation of Certificates

End of Course

Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentation

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Boiler Water Treatment Technology at ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

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