Tank & Tank Farms: Design, Operation, Measurement, Inspection & Maintenance

ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

How long?

  • 5 days
  • in person

What are the topics?

ICTD International Centre for Training and Development


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Who should attend

This course is intended for inspectors and engineers involved with storage tank design, maintenance and inspection, process engineers, maintenance engineers/planners, tank farm managers, oil storage and export managers, section heads and shift supervisors, superintendents, supervisors, foremen, senior operators and plant operators and technicians.

About the course

This course provides a general introduction to Aboveground Storage Tanks (ASTs), covering the basic guidelines for design, construction, inspection and maintenance, as well as an overview of pertinent tank regulations. Various types of tanks and floating roofs will be described, as well as tank fittings and appurtenances. Topics such as cathodic protection, coatings and linings, tank cleaning, safety, foundations, and typical tank failures will also be addressed. Perfect for new employees or as a "refresher" for experienced personnel, this program offers something for everyone who works with tanks. This workshop provides a quick-paced overview of ASTs as well as the key “basics” that everyone in the industry needs to know.

This course provides a detailed overview of Aboveground Storage Tanks (ASTs), covering more advanced tank design, seismic and inspection considerations, fire protection systems, floating suctions and skimmers, and an update on industry standards. Evaporation loss and emission calculations are also discussed, along with a regulatory review. This course is structured for those who have a basic knowledge of ASTs and are interested in more advanced, detailed technical information.

Whether you have just recently mastered the basics and want to learn more, or are a “seasoned” tank veteran, this program will take you to the next level. This is an ideal opportunity to learn not only from expert instructors, but also from your peers in the industry. This is an excellent course for those who have previously attended Introduction to Tanks.

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, the delegates will be able to:

  • Assess the configuration, operation and management practices of tank farms in terms of facility capacity, operational effectiveness, and the cost/benefit of feed, intermediate and product storage
  • Appreciate the importance of codes, standards, regulations & recommended practices in terms of hazard management and incident scenario layer of protection safeguarding
  • Identify the different types & classifications of tanks and their applications
  • Understand considerations of materials-of-construction & various corrosion protection strategies and tactics including cleaning, coating, & cathodic protection
  • Become familiar with fire protection of tanks & tank farms: venting, frangible roofs, flame & detonation arrestors, protection from ignition by static electricity, principles & practices of bonding and grounding, principles of inverting, electrical classification, selection criteria for fire suppression systems
  • Become familiar with principles, practices & benefits of “Fire System Integrity Assurance”
  • Apply tank emission control measures & procedures to satisfy regulatory requirements
  • Understand the principles, preparations, & practices associated with tank cleaning, entry, & inspection & repair
  • Use a system approach on tank operations including tank entry, tank bottoms, sludge, source reduction, mitigation, vapor freeing, degassing and tank cleaning
  • Determine the various tank accessories used in the tank & tank farm design, operation, inspection & maintenance and be able to explain their features & functions

Course Outline

Day 1

Introduction to Tanks

  • Welcome & Introductions
  • Types of Tanks
  • Tank Standards – General
  • Tank Inspection
  • Tank Regulations – General
  • Floating Roofs & Seals
  • Tank Appurtenances
  • Tank Maintenance & Repair
  • Summary/Q&A

Day 2

Introduction to Tanks

  • Review/Q&A
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Foundations
  • Leak Detection & Secondary Containment
  • Gauging & Overfill Protection
  • Coatings & Linings
  • Tank Cleaning
  • Safety Considerations
  • Typical Tank Failures
  • Summary/Q&A

Day 3

Advanced Tanks

  • Advanced Tank Standards & Design Considerations
  • Tank Emissions – API 19.2 – EPA Tanks 4 Program
  • Fire Protection Systems - NFPA 30
  • Floating Suctions/Skimmers
  • Tank Regulations
  • Seismic Design Considerations
  • Advanced Inspection Considerations
  • Industry Standards Update
  • Summary/Q&A

Day 4

Safe Tank Entry

  • Confined Space Identification and Hazard Recognition
  • Confined and Non-Confined Spaces
  • Confined Space Hazards
  • Administration and Classification
  • Administration
  • Permit Required Confined Space Program
  • Permits
  • Contractors

Day 5

Safe Tank Entry

  • Hazard Recognition, Evaluation, and Control
  • Hazard Recognition
  • Atmospheric Monitoring
  • Atmospheric Control
  • Personal Protection
  • Special Work Practices
  • Emergency Response, Rescue, and First Aid

Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentation

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Tank & Tank Farms: Design, Operation, Measurement, Inspection & Maintenance at ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

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