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ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

Refinery Process and Products

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Description

To provide broad technical information on refining processes and petroleum products, enabling a rapid immersion in the refining industry.

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, the delegates will be able:

  • To learn about the composition, main characteristics and new trends of petroleum products
  • To understand the role of various processing units in a refinery
  • To describe the main manufacturing schemes encountered in oil refining
  • To assess the economic environment of this industry

Course Outline

Day 1

Petroleum products

  • Energy and non-energy products and their main uses, CO2 emissions and main regulated pollutants in the end use
  • Principal components of petroleum products; general hydrocarbon classification and main impurities (sulfur, nitrogen, metals and asphaltenes, etc.)
  • Quality requirements imposed on petroleum products in view of their utilization: quality specifications measured by standard tests, characteristics related to the product composition, origin and processing routes
  • New trends in market structure and product characteristics to European and worldwide scale, post-combustion depollution systems, biofuels (nature, alternative fuel pathways for transport, strengths and weaknesses)

Day 2

Refining processes

  • Crude oil fractionation
  • Origin, overall characteristics and classification of crude oils
  • Yields and properties of straight-run cuts obtained by distillation, potential destinations
  • Industrial units: atmospheric distillation, vacuum distillation, light-ends fractionation
  • Typical process scheme, operating conditions, energy consumption
  • Catalytic reforming and isomerization
  • Octane improvement of virgin naphthas
  • Basics of processes, types of catalyst, product yields and hydrogen production
  • Industrial units: process flowsheets, operating conditions, equipment, low pressure processes

Day 3

Refining processes (continued)

  • Hydro-refining processes
  • Main features of impurities removal by catalytic hydrogen treatment.
  • Main refining applications
  • Example of ULSD hydrotreatment unit: operating principles, operating conditions
  • Scrubbing treatments: amine washing, sulfur production, treatment of residual gases from Claus units
  • Conversion units
  • Outline of conversion and various cracking processes
  • Characteristics and origin of feeds for cracking
  • Conversion by means of thermal cracking: visbreaker, various cokers
  • Conversion by means of catalytic cracking: FCC and related units, gasoline sweetening and desulfurization, alkylation, production of MTBE, ETBE and propylene, hydrocracker and related units, hydrogen production (SMR, POX)
  • Recent developments in hydrotreatment and hydroconversion of heavy residues
  • Hydrogen balance in the refinery, energy consumption per unit, CO2 emissions at the outlet of the refinery
  • Other processes for production of petroleum products: GTL, synthetic crude oils

Day 4

Manufacturing flowsheets

  • Main routes to major products
  • Up to date refining schemes including the production of petrochemical intermediate products
  • Impacts of the evolution of market demand and the quality of the products on manufacturing patterns
  • Base lube oil manufacturing

Day 5

Main economic features of refinery operation

  • Prices of crude oils and products, operating costs, economic margin of a refinery
  • Examples of flexibility in operation and its economic consequences

Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentation

Who should attend

This course is intended for all professionals in the oil and gas industry or related sectors (in the technical, commercial, legal, finance, or HR departments) interested in oil refining.

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