Management Concepts

Changes Under Government Contracts

Available dates

Dec 9—11, 2019
3 days
Tysons, Virginia, United States
USD 889
USD 296 per day
May 27—29, 2020
3 days
Tysons, Virginia, United States
USD 889
USD 296 per day
Aug 31—Sep 2, 2020
3 days
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
USD 889
USD 296 per day
+2 more options


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About the course

Change is inevitable on a government contract, and is often substantial— affecting price, quality, quantity, or delivery. The first step to an effective change is to understand concepts such as scope, constructive changes, and contract modifications. You will learn to identify and address complex issues related to contract change, to navigate the implications of change, and to recognize the various clauses that allow for change.

Learning Objectives

  • Determine if a change can be made to a contract
  • Determine what relief, if any, is due the contractor

Course Topics

Introduction to Changes

  • Overview
  • Purposes of the Changes Clause
  • Exercise: Introduction to Changes Case Study

How the Typical Changes Clause Works

  • Definitions
  • “Within General Scope”
  • Methods of Modification
  • Standard Form 30
  • Requirements for Change Order
  • The Typical Change
  • Summary
  • Exercise: Release of Bond Case Study
  • Exercise: Courier Services and Duress Case Study

Contracting Officer’s Authority

  • Authority to Issue Changes
  • General Scope
  • Changes Outside the Scope of the Contract
  • Summary
  • Exercise: Authority to Issue Change Case Study
  • Exercise: Technology Marches On Case Study
  • Exercise: Contemplating Change Case Study
  • Exercise: Ratification Case Study

Formal Changes

  • Issuance of Change Orders
  • Contractor's Duty to Proceed in the Face of a Change
  • Summary
  • Exercise: Design Error Case Study
  • Exercise: MRE and Sides Case Study
  • Exercise: Change in Widgets Case Study
  • Exercise: When to Begin Case Study

Constructive Changes

  • Overview
  • Purpose of the Constructive Change Doctrine
  • Constructive Change Orders
  • Summary
  • Exercise: Lighting the Way Case Study
  • Exercise: Roof Ponding Case Study
  • Exercise: Ambiguities Case Study
  • Exercise: Constructive Change Case Study

Pricing the Equitable Adjustment

  • Pricing Changes — The Rules
  • Supplemental Agreements and Equitable Adjustments
  • Steps to Take When Pricing Equitable Adjustments
  • A Pricing Approach
  • Alteration of Profit or Fee Pursuant to a Change
  • Other Modifications
  • Summary
  • Exercise: Block Change Case Study
  • Exercise: Pricing Additional Work Case Study

Other Clauses that Invoke Change

  • Differing Site Conditions
  • Suspension of Work/Stop-Work Order
  • Delays and Time Extensions
  • Inspection and Acceptance
  • Warranties
  • Summary
  • Exercise: Differing Site Conditions Case Study
  • Exercise: Scope of Inspection Case Study
  • Exercise: Source of Change Case Study

Notification of Changes and Preserving Evidence in Complex Cases

  • Notification of Changes
  • The Claim and the Contracting Officer
  • Summary
  • Exercise: Notification Case Study

Who should attend

This course is designed for personnel involved in the acquisition of information technology resources, including program, technical, financial, and contracting professionals.

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