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Management Concepts

The Federal Budget Process

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Next dates

May 23—24
2 days
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
USD 699
USD 349 per day
Jun 3—4
USD 699
Jun 20—21
2 days
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
USD 699
USD 349 per day
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With an ever-increasing eye on key players in the Executive and Legislative Branches, Federal employees must learn to properly appropriate, allocate, and spend billions of Federal dollars annually. Through examination of current events, you will learn the formulation, enactment, and execution phases of the budget process.

Learning Objectives

  • Identify major legislation that impacts the federal budget process
  • Track the budget timeline and the three phases of the budget process
  • Identify the roles of the major players in the budget process
  • Outline how agencies use and track their allocated funds
  • Explain how agency budgets are prepared and how they contribute to the President's Budget
  • List the types of audits used after the budget has been executed
  • Quantify the size and scope of the present budget
  • Identify trends in federal spending during the last 50 years

Course Topics

History of the Federal Budget Process

  • The Budget Process Functions
  • History of the Federal Budget Process
  • Efforts to Reduce the Deficit
  • Efforts to Increase Accountability
  • Financial Accountability and Accounting
  • Exercise: What Are the Federal Acts?

Budget of the United States: Facts, Figures, and Trends

  • Where the Money Comes From
  • Where the Money Goes
  • Deficits and Surpluses
  • Budgeting and Fiscal Sustainability

Federal Budget Overview

  • Budget Concepts and Terms
  • How Do Agencies Get Their Funds?
  • Budget Authority vs. Outlays
  • Key Players in the Federal Budget Process

Budget Formulation Process

  • Federal Budget Process
  • President's Budget
  • Formulation of the President's Budget
  • Annual Performance Plan
  • Step 1: Budget Policy Development
  • Step 2: Preparation and Submission of Agency Budget Estimates
  • Step 3: OMB Review and Presidential Decisions
  • Exercise: Northern Development Consortium

Congressional Action Process

  • Congressional Action on the President's Budget
  • Concurrent Budget Resolution
  • Authorizing Legislation
  • Appropriations
  • Reconciliation Bills
  • Exercise: Congressional Action

Budget Execution

  • Key Execution Activities
  • Appropriation Warrant (FMS Form 6200)
  • Appropriation Life Cycle
  • Availability of Budgetary Resources
  • Types of Appropriations and Classifications
  • Internal Control
  • Apportionment
  • Continuing Resolution
  • Allotment by Agency Headquarters and Suballotment
  • Commitments and Obligations
  • Developing the Operating Plan
  • Monitoring an Operating Plan
  • Revising an Operating Plan
  • Budget Execution Flexibility
  • Impoundment Actions
  • Exercise: Budget Execution


  • Why Audit?
  • Preparing for an Audit
  • Financial Audits
  • Performance Audits
  • Attestation Engagements
  • After the Audit

Who should attend

This course is designed for government and private sector employees new to budgeting responsibilities or those not directly involved in federal budgeting who want an overview of the budget process.

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