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ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

Structural Design for Non Structural Engineer

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About the course

Construction is the largest industry in the world and anything constructed needs to be designed first. Structural Engineering deals with the analysis and design aspects, the basic purpose of which is to ensure a safe, functional and economical structure. While designing, the designer constantly interacts with specialists like architects, operational managers, etc. Once the design is finalized, the implementation takes involvement of people to handle aspects like statutory approvals, planning, quality assurance, material procurement, etc. The entire exercise can be undertaken in a highly coordinated way if everyone involved understands the 'project language', which is a combination of designs and specifications. To understand the language fully, it is necessary to appreciate the principles of structural analysis and design and a course on this topic comes in handy here. Participants of this workshop will gain a basic knowledge of structural engineering that includes principles of analysis of structures and their application, behavior of materials under loading, selection of construction materials and design fundamentals for RCC and steel structures. The emphasis has been kept on the determination of nature and quantum of stress Developed under loads and the way structures offer resistance to it. Being the most widely used construction materials, RCC and steel has been covered in detail though masonry and timber have also been described briefly.

This course is intended to give the basics understanding on structural engineering theories, design rationale, and step by step procedures that will assist to understand and solve building structural problems.

The course contains a short introduction to the national building code 2010 and then goes into details on how to calculate loads and loads combinations that include environmental loads and occupational loads. Loading calculations on structures in accordance to NBCC2010 which include dead, live, snow, wind and seismic loads will be discussed. A summary of the basics of structural analysis for design will be explained, then the course goes into the design of steel according to S16-09, and concrete design in accordance to A23-1 will be explained. Steel and concrete members’ designs besides steel connection design are discussed. Also foundation design will be explained for both shallow and deep foundation.

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, the delegates will be able to:

  • Apply and gain a basic understanding of structural analysis and building design
  • Recognize load, load calculations, load combinations, steel design such as tension, compression members and beam - column design
  • Recognize concrete design including beam , column and introduction to floor design (one-way slab) as well as steel connection design and foundations design
  • Perform the role of the structural engineer in a proper manner
  • Comprehend the behavior of structural members under loading
  • Understand the concept of stress functions like tension, Compression, shear and bending
  • Use the basic concepts for analysis of statically determinate and indeterminate structures
  • Analyze deformation of members under loading
  • Understand the significance of material properties in design
  • Undertake basic design of reinforced cement concrete structures
  • Undertake basic design of steel structures
  • Undertake basic design of masonry & timber structural members

Course Outline

Day 1

(A) Introduction to Structural Engineering Principles of Strength of Material

  • Theory of Elasticity
  • Stress-strain Characteristics
  • Sectional Properties
  • Deflection & Deformation

(B) Structural Analysis

  • Principle of Mechanics
  • Determinate & Indeterminate Structures
  • Determination of Stress Functions (Direct, Bending & Shear Stresses)
  • Analysis of Statically Determinate Structures
  • Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures
  • Analysis of Deformation under Loading

(C) Design Philosophies

  • Material Behavior under Stress
  • Working Stress Design
  • Limit State Design
  • Loads

Day 2

(A) Design Procedure of Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) Structures

  • Material & Components
  • Stress Behavior
  • Ultimate & Permissible Stresses
  • Design of Beams & Slabs
  • Design of Walls & Columns
  • Design of Frames
  • Pre-stressed Concrete Design

(B) Design Procedure of Steel Structures

  • Materials & Properties
  • Stress Behavior
  • Methods & Design of Fastenings
  • Design of Beams
  • Design of Columns & Struts
  • Design of Tension Members
  • Design of Trusses
  • Design of Built Up Sections
  • Limit State Design

(C) Design of Masonry & Wooden Structures

  • Properties of Masonry
  • Design of Walls
  • Design of Columns
  • Construction of Arches
  • Material & Properties of Wood
  • Preservation Methods
  • Permissible Stresses
  • Design of Columns & Beams

Day 3

(A) Load and Load Combination

  • Live Loads due to Use and Occupancy
  • Snow Load including Drift and Sliding
  • Wind Load (External and Internal)
  • Seismic Load (Equivalent Static Procedures)

(B) Load Calculations and Loads Combination for Design of:

  • Buildings
  • Bridges
  • Retaining Walls

(C) Design Fundamentals

  • Material Properties
  • Sections Properties

Day 4

(A) Steel Design

  • Tension Members
  • Compression Members (Column)
  • Beam-column Design
  • Laterally Supported and Unsupported Steel Beams

(B) Reinforced Concrete Design Basics

  • Beam Design
  • Single and Double Rectangular Sections
  • T-sections
  • L-sections
  • Column Design
  • Short Column
  • Slender Column
  • Slab Design
  • Floor Systems
  • One-way Slab Design

Day 5

(A) Shallow Foundation Design

  • Isolated Footing
  • Combined Footing
  • Mat Foundations

(B) Design of Deep Foundation

  • Type of Deep Foundations
  • Friction Piles
  • End Bearing Pile
  • Screw Pile

Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentatio

Who should attend

This course is intended for anyone associated with the construction industry. In view of the vastness of the sector, the following personnel would typically be able to gain immediate benefit out of this course.

  • Structural site Engineers and even design Engineers needing to refresh their design skills according to the new building code and design standards.
  • Structural contractors wanting to know how the structures they erect are designed.
  • Structural draftsmen wanting to know how the structures they draw are designed.
  • Architects and non-structural engineers such as Mechanical, Electrical and Plant Engineers interested in upgrading their knowledge and skills in the area of structural design.

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