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ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

Circuit Breakers & Switchgears (lv/mv/hv) — Design, Testing, Commissioning, Maintenance, Repair & Troubleshooting

Oct 6—10, 2019
5 days
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
USD 3300
USD 660 per day

How it works

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Description

Delegates will gain an overall appreciation of the applicable standards and working practices for:

  • Fundamental of Circuit Breaker
  • Types of Low and Medium Voltage Circuit Breaker
  • HV
  • Switch Gears
  • Insulation and maintenance of CB
  • Over current trip equipments
  • Testing of Low and Medium CB

## Course Objectives

This course introduces the basis of understanding the theory of high voltage switchgear covering LV/MV/HV circuit breakers and the equipment included in the switch gears. It also introduces the practice and testing of switchgear & by the end of this course the trainee should be able to:

  • Demonstrate the components of different voltage switchgear
  • Demonstrate the maintenance, testing procedures used for different voltage switchgear
  • Apply the safety precautions of P.M. on switchgear
  • Know how to calculate the short circuit level
  • The transient phenomena in power systems
  • Understand the arc phenomena and circuit interruption
  • Know the different types of circuit breakers and industrial switchgears
  • Be able to select the proper specifications of CB and switchgears
  • Know the maintenance procedures
  • Be able to do all tests on circuit breakers.
  • Be able to detect circuit breakers troubleshooting.
  • Know the methods of system earthing and protection requirements.
  • Be able to control circuit breakers with associated relaying systems.

Course Outline

INTRODUCTION

  • Electrical engineering basic concepts
  • Three phase review and per unit
  • Voltage levels
  • One line and three line diagram
  • Generation system layout
  • Transmission system layout
  • Substation system layout
  • Distribution system layout

INDUSTRIAL SWITCHGEARS

  • Fuses
  • Auto-reclosers
  • Automatic sectionalizer
  • Circuit Breakers
  • Isolator switches
  • Load switches
  • Relays
  • Current transformers
  • Voltage transformers

CB DESIGN SPECIFICATION BASED ON SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT LEVEL

  • Per unit system
  • Faults on power systems
  • Transient phenomena in power system.
  • Symmetrical component analysis of three phase network
  • Network connection for various fault types
  • Current and voltage distribution in system due to a fault
  • Effect of system on zero sequence quantities
  • Computer programs based short circuit calculation

CB DESIGN SPECIFICATION BASED ON ARC PHENOMENA AND CIRCUIT INTERRUPTION

  • Arc phenomena
  • Maintenance of the Arc
  • Properties of Arc
  • Arc Interruption theory
  • Circuit Breaker Rating
  • Circuit constants and circuit conditions
  • Conditions of severity
  • Restriking voltage transient
  • Class A ultra-fast transients
  • Class B system transients
  • Class C low transients
  • Transmission line transient
  • Switching transients
  • Duties of Switchgear

LV CIRCUIT BREAKERS

  • Low voltage molded case current limiting circuit breakers
  • Low voltage molded case circuit breakers with high breaking capacity
  • Insulated case circuit breakers
  • Low voltage air circuit breakers
  • Low voltage circuit breakers specification

MODERN MV AND HV VACUUM CB

  • Introduction
  • Advantages of vacuum interruption
  • Vacuum contactors and interrupters
  • The vacuum medium
  • The vacuum arc
  • Vacuum arc stability
  • Vacuum break down
  • Vacuum switch construction
  • Applications of vacuum circuit breakers

MODERN MV AND HV SF6 CB INTRODUCTION

  • Basic Features of SF6 Breakers
  • Dielectric properties of SF6
  • Quenching properties of SF6
  • Construction of SF6 breaker
  • SF6 CB types
  • Puffer type SF6 breakers
  • Double Pressure System
  • Single Pressure Puffer-Piston System
  • Single Pressure Self Blast System
  • Improvement in SF6 Breakers for HV

OTHER TYPE OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS

A) AIR CIRCUIT BREAKERS

  • Method of increasing arc resistance
  • Plan break type
  • Magnetic blow out type
  • Arc splitter type
  • Application
  • Construction and operation
  • Axial air CB
  • Blast air CB

B) OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS

  • Arc rupture under oil
  • Advantages of oil
  • Disadvantages of oil
  • Plan break oil circuit breakers
  • Arc control circuit oil breakers
  • Minimum oil circuit breakers
  • Construction and operation

C) DC CIRCUIT BREAKERS

  • Construction
  • Methods of interruption
  • Application

CIRCUIT BREAKER INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE AND SERVICES

  • Inspection
  • General inspection technical procedure
  • Daily inspection of circuit breakers
  • Monthly inspection of circuit breakers
  • Annual inspection of circuit breakers
  • Disassembly
  • Cleaning
  • Tightening
  • Lubrication
  • Equipments used in testing
  • Testing procedure
  • Direct testing
  • Contact resistance test.
  • Insulation resistance test
  • Test report
  • Indirect testing
  • One hour Video, HV CB Maintenance and Repair)

CIRCUIT BREAKERS CONTROL, PROTECTION AND TESTING

  • Switchgears control devices and wiring
  • Switchgears protection devices and wiring
  • Testing Classification
  • Testing laboratories
  • Description of a simple testing station

CB TROUBLESHOOTING

  • Low insulation Resistance (below 2000 Mega-ohms) between
  • a) Phase terminal and earthed frame, with breaker closed
  • b) Phase terminals of a pole.
  • Resistance between Terminals of Pole too high (above 100 microhms) (15 microohm per joint) contact
  • Unequal contact Wipe and Travel in 3-pole Measured from top surface of interrupter flange and the contact lip by a simple rod with
  • a) breaker open
  • b) breaker closed
  • One of the pole docs not close.
  • Breaker operation too Slow During opening timing from trip command to contact separation instant too large (60 ms instead of say 40 ms)

Case Studies, Last Day Review, Discussions & Assessments will be carried out.

Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentation

Who should attend

Managers, Engineers and Technicians, responsible for the design, installation, testing and operation of electrical substations and power stations, who require to refresh their knowledge and skills in working with circuit breakers at low and medium voltage level. Technicians and engineers who are responsible for maintaining, testing and troubleshooting of HV/MV/LV switchgear

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Detailed Description
Detailed Description

Next dates

Oct 6—10, 2019
5 days
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
USD 3300
USD 660 per day

How it works

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