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ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

Piping and Pipeline Engineering

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About the course

Taking a big-picture approach, Piping and Pipeline Engineering: Design, Construction, Maintenance, Integrity, and Repair elucidates the fundamental steps to any successful piping and pipeline engineering project, whether it is routine maintenance or a new multi-million dollar project. These course will explores the qualitative details, calculations, and techniques that are essential in supporting competent decisions, pairs coverage of real world practice with the underlying technical principles in materials, design, construction, inspection, testing, and maintenance. Discover the seven essential principles that will help establish a balance between production, cost, safety, and integrity of piping systems and pipelines. This course includes coverage of codes and standards, design analysis, welding and inspection, corrosion mechanisms, fitness-for-service and failure analysis, and an overview of valve selection and application. It features the technical basis of piping and pipeline code design rules for normal operating conditions and occasional loads and addresses the fundamental principles of materials, design, fabrication, testing and corrosion, and their effect on system integrity.

## Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, the delegates will be able to:

  • Gain knowledge more expanded in piping and pipeline
  • Understand parameters which is determining of design
  • Carryout material selection
  • Understand the fabrication ways of components and testing
  • Handle critical problems related to piping and pipeline
  • Highlights the seven fundamental areas of competent piping and pipeline engineering, presented in the format of a checklist
  • Address mechanical design and integrity, from common operating conditions to extreme loading
  • Discuss corrosion and degradation mechanisms and how to diagnose the causes and effects of corrosion in service
  • Apply maintenance and in-service inspection practices and techniques, including an introduction to failure analysis
  • Discuss the coverage of unique aspects of plastic pipe and fittings, valve selection, and sizing

Agenda

### Day 1

Fundamentals

  • Competence
  • At the Engineering Level
  • At the Corporate Level

Materials

  • Introduction: A Good Pastry
  • Ferrous Pipe
  • Non-Ferrous Pipe
  • Fabrication of Steel Pipe
  • Fabrication of Pipe Fittings and Components
  • Mechanical Properties
  • Procurement

Internal Pressure

  • Pressure Design of Piping
  • Pressure Design of Plant Piping
  • Yield and Burst Pressure
  • Pressure Design of Plastic Pipe
  • Pressure Rating
  • Pressure Stress in Fittings
  • High Pressure Design
  • Design Pressure
  • Over-Pressure Protection
  • Burst Energy
  • Pipe Specification
  • Valve Specification

External Pressure

  • Buckling Pressure
  • ASME Code Design

Layout and Supports

  • Spacing of Pipe Supports
  • Sustained Stress
  • Stress Indices
  • Design Standards
  • Selection of Pipe Supports
  • Design of Standard Support
  • Design of Steel Frames
  • Anchorage to Concrete
  • Layout Rules of Good Practice

Day 2

Flexibility and Fatigue

  • Layout for Flexibility
  • Simplified Flexibility Analysis
  • Fatigue
  • Smooth Specimen Fatigue
  • Pipe Component Fatigue
  • Fatigue Strength of Socket Welds
  • Fatigue Strength of Butt Welds
  • ASME B31 Fatigue Rules
  • Fracture Mechanics Approach
  • Corrosion Fatigue
  • Shakedown
  • Cold Spring
  • Through-Wall Temperatures
  • Creep Damage
  • Pipe Insulation
  • Expansion Joints

Vibration

  • Root Cause
  • Mechanically Induced Vibration
  • Vibration Analysis
  • Hydraulic Induced Vibration
  • Measuring Vibration
  • Assessing Vibration Severity
  • Prevention and Mitigation

Fluid Transients

  • Single Liquid Phase
  • Two-Phase Vapor-Liquid Water hammer
  • Non-Condensable Two-Phase Water hammer
  • Stress Analysis

Seismic Design and Retrofit

  • The Seismic Challenge
  • Seismic Specification
  • Rules of Good Practice
  • Seismic Analysis Techniques
  • Seismic Input Based on IBC
  • Seismic Response Spectra
  • Seismic Qualification
  • Shake Table Testing
  • Seismic Interactions

Explosions

  • Deflagration and Detonation
  • Dynamic Loads
  • Dynamic Properties
  • Pressure Limits
  • Design Criteria
  • Explosion Protection
  • External Explosions

### Day 3

Subsea Pipelines

  • Subsea Pipeline Safety
  • Design Process
  • Internal Pressure
  • External Pressure
  • Pipe Lowering
  • On-Bottom Stability
  • Pipeline Flotation
  • Fatigue Design
  • Hook and Pull

Buried Pipe

  • To Bury or not to Bury
  • Internal Pressure
  • Soil Loads
  • Surface Loads
  • Thermal Expansion and Contraction
  • Ground Movement
  • Seismic

Welding

  • Shop and Field Welding
  • Welding Processes
  • Weld Defects
  • Codes, Standards and Practice
  • Post-Weld Heat Treatment
  • In-Service Welding
  • Surfacing Techniques

Examination

  • Visual Examination
  • Magnetic Particles Testing
  • Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Radiographic Testing
  • Ultrasonic Testing
  • Eddy Current Testing
  • Acoustic Emission Testing
  • Thermography
  • Measurement Accuracy
  • Type and Extent of Examinations
  • Acceptance Criteria
  • Personnel Certification
  • Pipeline Pigs

### Day 4

Pipe Flange

  • Flange Standards
  • Flange Types
  • Flange Gaskets
  • Flange Faces
  • Flange Ratings
  • Flange Bolt Torque
  • External Loads
  • Assembly of Pipe Flanges
  • Nuts and Bolts
  • Maintenance

Mechanical Joints

  • What they Are
  • Swage Firings
  • Grooved Fittings
  • In Conclusion

Leak and Pressure Test

  • Leak Test and Pressure Test 3
  • Leak and Pressure Test Methods
  • Choice of Test Method
  • Conduct of Test
  • Isolation
  • Locating Leaks Underground

Degradation in Service

  • A Critical Decision
  • General Corrosion
  • Galvanic Corrosion
  • Erosion Corrosion
  • Environmental Effects
  • Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion
  • High Temperature Effects
  • Mechanical Damage
  • Lining and Coating
  • Corrosion Inhibitors
  • Material Selection

### Day 5

Fitness-for-Service

  • Fitness-for-Service
  • Wall Thinning
  • Crack Flaws
  • Mechanical Damage

Maintenance, Reliability and Failure Analysis

  • Case History
  • Maintenance Objective
  • Maintenance Plan
  • Maintenance Strategies
  • Corrective Maintenance
  • Failure Modes
  • Pro-Active Maintenance
  • PDM Techniques
  • Reliability
  • Maintenance and the Construction Codes
  • Elements of Failure Analysis

Repair Techniques

  • Repair Strategy
  • Replacement
  • Grinding Out Defects
  • Weld Overlay
  • Full Encirclement Sleeve
  • Fillet Welded Patch
  • Flush Welded Patch
  • Welded Leak Box
  • Mechanical Clamp
  • Composite Overwrap
  • Buried Pipe Rehabilitation
  • Brushed and Sprayed Lining and Coating
  • Pipe Straightening

Plastic Pipe

  • Plastic Form
  • Size
  • Chemical Resistance
  • Physical and Mechanical Properties
  • Pressure Design
  • Pressure Cycling Fatigue
  • Pressure Design of Fittings
  • Support Spacing
  • Fabrication and Examination
  • Bonding Qualification

Who should attend

This course is intended for piping and pipeline engineers, operation engineers, maintenance engineers, production engineers, technical support engineers, technical staffs and everyone who wants to know and have interest in piping and pipeline system.

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