London School of Project Finance
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Examine the latest modelling & structuring techniques now!
This 5-day program teaches participants how to analyse project financing opportunities. Delegates will learn how to properly structure transactions to minimize risks and improve the prospects for future strong performance, both in existing portfolios and new transactions.
By the program's conclusion participants in this program will have developed a framework for recognizing and analysing qualitative and quantitative project risks when financing green field projects as well as facility upgrades. Numerous examples of projects from around the world are employed to ensure understanding and application of concepts. Detailed breakout cases are drawn from various industrial sectors including oil and gas, conventional and renewable energy, transportation and other infrastructure. Participants learn how excel models are used to assess project debt capacity, return on investment, and other metrics common to attractive deals.
Besides discussing many recent examples of financing structures attractive to Banks, Institutional Investors, and Equity providers, careful attention is paid to credit enhancers such as Export Credit Agencies, Development Banks, Private insurers, mon-lines and others.
Cashflow Modelling The program's fifth day session is a stand-alone cash flow modelling workshop. Using excel software, participants create a model for an LNG Plant suitable for examining project debt capacity as well as return on investment.
Themes: Structuring Projects and Creating a Security Package; Discovering the Most Efficient Sources of Finance; Cashflow modelling.
Project Finance Today
- Current challenges in project finance
- Who are the players?
- Identifying and allocating risks
- What can go wrong?
Examples: Financing a pipeline, tankers; other oil and gas projects.
- PPP and project finance: financing infrastructure
- BOO, BOT, BOOT, DBFO and other approaches
- Private investment in public infrastructure
Examples: Power projects and toll roads.
Projects and Risk Identification
- Risks in development
- Construction and operating risks
- Feedstock and supply
- Market risks
- Environmental risks
- Financial risks
- Political and regulatory risks
Examples: Gas field development and infrastructure, oil refineries, LNG, Electricity plants.
Sources of Finance: Financing Checklist
- Domestic and foreign banks
- Bond markets
- Development banks, ECAs and other official creditors
- Islamic finance
- Sources of equity
Cashflow Modelling Approaches
- Financial modelling and cash flow analysis
- The view of lenders: DSCR and PV coverage
- Equity considerations: IRR and NPV
- Approaches to evaluating the cost of capital
- Project returns vs. equity returns
- Forecasting techniques and limitations
- Case Study: Financing a Gas Processing Plant.
Participants break into small groups to prepare a case study. A computer simulation will be used to model cashflows. Groups will present their solutions.
Themes: Legal Issues; Bank Finance; Export Credit Agencies; PPP for Transportation and other Infrastructure Projects Case discussion
- Legal Issues in Project Finance
- Legal environment and regulatory conditions
- Commercial points and legal points in various projects
- SPV Structures
- Key contractual agreements
Developing a term sheet
-Tax gross up issues
Reps and warranties
Covenants including MAC clauses
Export Finance Techniques (ECAs)
- Guarantees and insurance vs. funding
- Buyer and supplier credits
- Bank incentives inherent in ECA programs
- Costs and availability
- Securitization of ECA guarantees
- Choosing a special purpose vehicle
Liberalizing Power Markets
- Market forces and the effect on electrical supply
- Fragmentation of electricity generation
- Generating, Transmission, Distribution
- Merchant Power Plants (MPPs)
- Rating Agencies' analytical model
Renewable Energy Projects
- Growth of the market and various types of renewable energy projects
- Comparing renewable to traditional fossil fuel burning plants
- Project economics
- What is driving the investment?
- Government incentives in various countries
Case Study: Financing a Gas-fired Power Plant Risk allocation among various project participants to finance and construct a power plant. Testing the project's cash flows under varying scenarios with a cash-flow simulation model. What are acceptable DSCR levels? What returns does equity look for?
Day 3 Themes: Bank Markets; Development Banks; PPP for Transportation and other Infrastructure Projects
- Club Loans and Syndicated Loan Financing
- What security do banks want?
- Market flex clauses and “Mini-perms”
- Inter-creditor issues
Roles for Development Banks and Agencies
- World Bank Group
- Regional Multilateral development banks (Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Asia Development Bank, Africa Development Bank, EBRD, EIB, Inter-American Development Bank, Islamic Development Bank, Others)
- Bilateral agencies (FMO, DEG, OPIC, Proparco, etc.)
- Murabaha, Istisna, Ijara and Sukuk in Projects
Example: Petro -Rabigh
PPP: Transportation Projects and Other Infrastructure
- Public Private Partnerships (PPP) Principles
- Roles for the Public and Private Sector
- Different Structures and Degrees of Private Participation
- Outright and partial government ownership
- Long-term concessions and DBFO
- Roads, Railroads, Airports, Ports and Other
Exercise: Constructing a risk matrix
Case Study: Airport finance; negotiating a term sheet. Participants will break into groups to work on this PPP project structure. Discussion will focus on project risks, their allocation through contracts, the mix of financing, cash flow projections, as well as rating agency considerations in evaluating the proposed financing structure.
Themes: Capital Markets; Risk Management with Derivatives, PPP for Water and Other Infrastructure Using Capital Markets
- Private placements and Eurobond issuance for projects
- Comparing bond issuance to bank loans
- Nature of investors, timing and flexibility
- Project size and relative cost
- Security requirements
- Negative arbitrage issues
- The due diligence process / road shows
- Rating agency considerations
- Private risk insurers and Mono-lines
Price Volatility and Risk Management with Derivatives in Projects
- Financial price movements today: volatility and risk
- Commodity-linked derivatives and securities
- Using interest rate and currency swaps to manage risk in projects
- Options: caps, floors and collars
- Special features of limited recourse projects in water and sanitation
- Array of structures: Service Agreements Leasing, BOT, Privatization
- Who are the players? Investors and lenders?
- Desalination and electricity projects
- Case examples and PPP transactions
Case Study: Water Treatment facility Participants will break into groups to prepare a case study concerned with financing a wastewater treatment plant.
- Financing Hospitals, Schools, Prisons, Others
- Concessions and Contract Terms
- Risk Evaluation and Allocation
- Monitoring Requirements
Themes: Oil, Gas, LNG and Cashflow Modeling Participants will spend a day building a model for an LNG facility. They will assess a wide range of scenarios in order to test a limited-recourse financing package for debt capacity and suitability for investment. With discussion of common approaches to modeling with Excel, “dos’ and ‘don’ts” as well as the practical use models for negotiations.
Modeling Workshop Overview: Objectives and Approaches
- Constructing a Model / Common Myths
- Variations by Project Type
Structuring the Model and Organizing the Data to Create a Cashflow Statement
- Developing an Assumptions Page
- Construction Costs and Timing
- Operating Cost, Plant Capacity Usage, Fixed and Variable Costs
- Reinvestment, Plant Expansion, Productivity Shifts
Developing the Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet
- Factoring in Reserves
- Considering Currencies
- Tax Calculations
- Equity First or Pro Rata
- Manually Designed Equity Subscription
- Draw-down of Debt Linked to Specific Contracts or Expenditures or in a Hierarchy
Ratios and Sensitivity Analysis: Objectives and Limitations
- Measuring Debt Capacity and Investor Return
- Using Modeling Output for Initial Project Vetting
- Supporting on-going Negotiations
Who should attend
The courses will be valuable to professionals in the following areas:
- Bankers/Investment Bankers
- Project Finance Modellers
- Financial Advisors
- Sponsors/Project Joint Ventures
- Project Developers
- Government/PPP Agencies
- Public Sector Managers
- Export Credit Agencies
- Multilateral Agencies
- Accountants/Taxation Advisers
- Financial Analysts
- Share market Analysts/Brokers
- M&A/Buyout Specialists
- Privatization Executives
- Company Treasurers/Directors
- Credit Committee Staff
- Rating Agencies
- Project Managers/Engineers
- Project Consultants
- Investment/Portfolio Managers
- Insurance Advisers/Brokers