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ICTD International Centre for Training and Development

HAZMAT & Hazcom: Hazardous Materials & Chemicals Safe Handling, Storage, Msds, Disposal, Monitoring, Response & Clean up

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Description

Hazardous materials and chemicals are ubiquitous as air, carbohydrates, enzymes, lipids, minerals, proteins, vitamins, water and wood. Naturally occurring hazardous materials and chemicals are supplemented by man-made substances. There are about 70,000 chemicals in use with another 500-1000 added each year. Their properties have been harnessed to enhance the quality of life, thus chemicals are found in virtually all work places. Besides the benefits, chemicals also pose dangers to man and the environment.

Society must strike a balance between the benefits and risks of hazardous materials and chemicals. In the workplace it is a management responsibility to ensure practices control the dangers, and it is for employees to collaborate in implementing the agreed procedures. Management also prevent uncontrolled environmental releases and ensure all wastes are disposed of safely and with proper regard for their environmental impact. The aims of this course are to raise awareness and to help participants identify, assess and control the hazards of chemicals and other hazardous materials to permit optimum exploitation whilst minimizing the dangers.

The hazards of chemicals stem from their inherent flammable, explosive, toxic, carcinogenic, corrosive, radioactive or chemical-reactive properties. The effect of exposure on personnel may be acute (fatal) or prolonged that result in an occupational disease or systematic poisoning. However, whether a hazardous properties of the chemical (or mixture of chemicals) the scale involved, the circumstances of handling or use, e.g. provision of control and safety devices, local exhaust ventilation, general ventilation, personal protection, atmospheric monitoring and systems of work generally.

This course is designed to cover occupational, industrial and environmental hazards associated with hazardous materials and chemicals. It includes chemical spills, fires and explosions since they inevitably involve chemical compounds, Further, the course will present information on the nature of hazardous materials and chemicals and help participants reduce or eliminate potential exposure to hazardous materials and chemicals in their work environment.

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, the delegates will be able to:

  • Apply proper techniques in hazardous material handling (HAZMAT) and hazardous material communication (HAZCOM) including handling, storage, disposal, monitoring, response, MSDS and spill clean up hazardous materials and chemicals
  • Discuss the physicochemistry of vapour pressure, gas-liquid solubility, density differences of liquids, surface area effects in mass transfer or heterogeneous reactions and chemical reaction kinetics
  • Recognize the hazards of toxic chemicals including its types, risk control and specific precautions
  • Employ control measures for flammable chemicals and prevent hazards arising in reactive chemicals processing
  • Enumerate the various cryogens, compresses gases and radioactive chemicals including its characteristics
  • Carryout proper monitoring techniques for environmental pollution, gases, vapours, particulates, water quality, sampling strategies and incident investigation
  • Discuss safety by design including design procedures, layout, storage, piping arrangements, fire protection, installation and operation of hazardous chemicals
  • Apply effective operating procedures for the commissioning, operation, maintenance, spillage, personal protection and monitoring standards of hazardous chemicals
  • Identify the classification, packaging, labeling and specific information for marketing hazardous chemicals
  • Employ the safe transport of chemicals by road, rail, air & sea and determine the modes of transportation for liquids, gases and solids
  • Acquire knowledge on the monitoring and protection of chemicals and the environment including the legislative control governing these chemicals, proper waste management and environmental impact assessment

Course Outline

Day 1

General Principles of Chemistry

  • Atoms and Molecules
  • Periodic Table
  • Valency
  • Chemical Bonds
  • Oxidation/Reduction
  • Physical State
  • Acids
  • Bases
  • Halogens
  • Metals
  • Oxygen and Sulphur
  • Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Arsenic and Antinomy
  • PH
  • Salts
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Combustion Chemistry
  • Chemical Reactivity

Physicochemistry

  • Vapour Pressure
  • Gas-Liquid Solubility
  • Liquid-To-Vapour Phase Change
  • Solid-To-Liquid Phase Change
  • Density Differences of Gases and Vapours
  • Density Differences of Liquids
  • Immiscible Liquid-Liquid Systems
  • Vapour Flashing
  • Effects of Particle or Droplet Size
  • Surface Area Effects in Mass Transfer or
  • Heterogeneous Reactions
  • Enthalphy Changes on Mixing Liquids
  • Critical Temperature of Gases
  • Chemical Reaction Kinetics
  • Corrosion
  • Force & Pressure
  • Expansion and Contraction of Solids

Toxic Chemicals

  • Hazard Recognition
  • Types of Toxic Chemicals
  • Hazard Assessment
  • Risk Assessment of Carcinogens
  • Risk Control
  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
  • Specific Precautions
  • MSDS

Day 2

Flammable Chemicals

  • Ignition and Propagation of a Fame Front
  • Control Measures
  • Fire Extinguishment
  • Fire Precautions
  • MSDS

Reactive Chemicals

  • Water-Sensitive Chemicals
  • Toxic Hazards from Mixtures
  • Reactive Hazards from Mixtures
  • Oxidizing Agents
  • Explosive Chemicals
  • General Principles for Storage
  • Hazards Arising in Chemical Processing
  • MSDS

Cryogens

  • Liquid Oxygen
  • Liquid Nitrogen and Argon
  • Liquid Carbon Dioxide
  • Liquefied Natural Gas
  • MSDS

### Day 3

Compressed Gases

  • Acetylene
  • Air
  • Ammonia
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Chlorine
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen Chloride
  • Hydrogen Sulphide
  • Liquefied Petroleum Gases
  • Methane
  • Nitrogen
  • Nitrogen Oxides
  • Oxygen
  • Ozone
  • Sulphur Dioxide

Monitoring Techniques

  • Selected General Analytical Techniques for Monitoring Environmental Pollution
  • Gases and Vapours
  • Particulates
  • Monitoring Water Quality
  • Monitoring Land Pollution
  • Monitoring Air Pollution
  • Flammable Gases
  • Toxic Particulates
  • Official Methods
  • Sampling Strategies
  • Selected Strategies for Determining Employees Exposure to Airborne Chemicals
  • Pollution Monitoring Strategies in Incident Investigation

Radioactive Chemicals

  • Hazards
  • Types of Radiation
  • Control Measures
  • MSDS

Day 4

Safety by Design

  • Design Procedures
  • Layout
  • Storage
  • Equipment Design
  • Piping Arrangements
  • Fire Protection
  • Installation and Operation

Operating Procedures

  • Commissioning
  • Operation
  • Maintenance
  • Pressure Systems
  • Emergency Procedures
  • Spillage
  • MSDS
  • First Aid
  • Personal Protection
  • Medical Screening
  • Monitoring Standards
  • Training

Marketing

  • Classification
  • Packaging
  • Labelling
  • Information
  • MSDS

### Day 5

Transport of Chemicals

  • Road Transportation
  • Rail, Air, Sea Transport
  • Modes of Transport for Liquids, Gases and Solids
  • Loading and Unloading
  • Container Filling/Discharging
  • MSDS

Chemical & the Environment: Monitoring & Protection

  • Legislative Control
  • Waste Management
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Control of Atmospheric Emissions
  • MSDS
  • Liquid Effluent Treatment Operations
  • Control of Solid Waste
  • Monitoring and Auditing

Course Methodology

A variety of methodologies will be used during the course that includes:

  • (30%) Based on Case Studies
  • (30%) Techniques
  • (30%) Role Play
  • (10%) Concepts
  • Pre-test and Post-test
  • Variety of Learning Methods
  • Lectures
  • Case Studies and Self Questionaires
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Presentation

Who should attend

This course is intended for those dealing with hazardous materials and chemicals in the workplace such as managers, engineers and other technical staff. This course is also suitable for health, safety and environmental (HSE) personnel.

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