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Available dates

Dec 16—20, 2019
5 days
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
USD 1189
USD 237 per day
Mar 23—27, 2020
5 days
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
USD 1189
USD 237 per day
Jun 15—19, 2020
5 days
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
USD 1189
USD 237 per day
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About the course

Army financial personnel are tasked with ensuring funding is allocated to the programs that best meet military strategy requirements. As such, they must understand the nuances of the DoD Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE) process that determines how much funding programs receive. You will gain knowledge of the procedures and rules governing budget development within DoD and how to implement the PPBE process in the Army. You will practice developing a performance plan and allocating resources through a capstone Army program exercise.

Learning Objectives

  • Explain the roles and relationships of the building blocks of the planning, programming, and budgeting system for the Army
  • Participate in the development, justification, and review of the Army program and budget submissions
  • Identify purpose and content of key Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE) events and documents, who influences them, and their relative timing in the overall process
  • Outline the congressional enactment process and explain its influence on PPBE
  • Explain the basic elements of DOD and Army budget execution
  • Analyze the relationship between budget timetables and funds management requirements for a representative DOD acquisition program

Course Topics

Overview of PPBE Terms, Policies, and Procedures

  • Building Background
  • DOD Decision Support Systems – Where PPBE Fits In
  • History of PPBE
  • Overview of PPBE
  • Army's Primary PPBES Objectives
  • PPBE Phases
  • Applying the Four Phases of PPBE
  • History of PPBE
  • Overview of the Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Overview of the Department of the Army (DA)
  • Army Organization
  • The Army Plan
  • Concepts and Terms
  • Budget Guidance
  • PPBE Cycle
  • Annual Performance Plan


  • Building Background
  • Review of DOD Decision Support Systems
  • Strategy: The Foundation for PPBE
  • Key Decision Making Groups in the OSD
  • Key Decision Making Group in the Army
  • Planning Phase


  • Programming
  • DA Level
  • Manpower Principles in the Army
  • The OSD Programming Phase


  • Budgeting Phase Overview
  • Army Level BES Development
  • Other PPBE Guidance
  • Checklist for Budget Analysts
  • Surviving the OSD/OMB Budget Scrub
  • Budget Schedules
  • Review of Key PPBE Documents
  • Exercise: Resource Management Decision (RMD)

Congress and Budget Enactment

  • Building Background
  • The Federal Budget Process
  • Congress
  • The Congressional Enactment Process
  • SASC/HASC Subcommittees

Budget Execution

  • Building Background
  • Budget Execution – Final Phase of PPBE
  • Army Execution
  • Execution at the Installation Level
  • Fund Control in DOD
  • The Flow of Funds
  • Army Methods of Fund Distribution
  • Types of Funding Authority
  • Limitations
  • Appropriation Warrant
  • Apportionment
  • DOD Appropriation Structure
  • Lifecycle of an Appropriation
  • Commitments and Obligations
  • Reimbursable Authority
  • Defense Working Capital Funds (DWCF)
  • DWCF Business Areas
  • Unit Cost Resourcing/Pricing Concepts
  • Sources of Funding
  • Treasury Symbol
  • Management Indicators
  • Funding Violations
  • Fiscal Law
  • DOD Key Funding Policies
  • Economic Analysis and Cost Estimates
  • Budget Execution Flexibility
  • Military Construction (MILCON) in the Army
  • Source of Funds for Military Construction in the Army
  • Funded vs. Unfunded Costs
  • Military Construction Project Limitations
  • Key Players in the Army
  • Key MILCON Boards/Committees in the Army
  • Key Players and Boards at OSD
  • Military Construction Budget Cycle
  • Management of Construction Funds in the Army
  • Competitive Sourcing
  • Exercise: Execution Process

Systems Acquisition Overview

  • Building Background
  • Decision Support Systems
  • Defense Acquisition System (DAS) in Transition
  • Defense Acquisition Board (DAB)
  • The Defense Acquisition and Management Framework
  • The Framework
  • Five Phases of Acquisition Review
  • Introduction – Army Acquisition
  • Cost Estimating Methods (CEM)
  • Life Cycle Cost Categories
  • Economic Analysis in the Army
  • Cost Analysis in the Army
  • PPBE: From Requirement to Capability (Summary)
  • Review and Capstone

Building Background

  • Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE)
  • The Annual Performance Plan
  • APP Abridgment
  • Army Review

Who should attend

This course is designed for Army financial, program and project, resource, and management professionals who need to understand the essential elements, procedures, and rules governing the development of budgets within the Department of the Army Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution System (PPBES).

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